After being hectored by the fast and loose talking Isaac Stevens, the Washington Territory Governor, into signing a treaty that would see them removed from their ancestral lands to reservations in 1855, the native tribes of present day eastern Washington state became restless with the intruding white settlers and miners. Repeated raids and revenge killings spiralled the area into open confrontation between the U.S. Regualr Army of the Northwest and combined tribes of eastern Washington.
Shawnee Chief Tecumseh Delivers War Speech to Creek Indians at Tuckabatchee, Alabama in October 1811
Prior to the War of 1812, the British and the Spaniards had been forging alliances with Indians on the American frontier to try to slow American expansionism, and therefore power. One significant Indian Chief, the Shawnee Chief Tecumseh, used this time and support to try to build an Indian Confederacy along the western edge of the American frontier. Tecumseh's Shawnees were based predominantly in current day Indiana, Illinois and western Kentucky, but were historically linked to the Creek people of current day Alabama and Georgia. Tecumseh travelled to Alabama to rally the Creeks to war against the whites in the region.
Below is Tecumseh's speech to the Creeks at Tuckabathcee in October 1811 as told by Sam Dale to JFK Claiborne;
The War of 1812 coincided with an uprising amongst part of the Creek Indian nation that was rebelling against the U.S. governments attempts to "civilize" them. For the "volunteers" of Tennessee, including future President Andrew Jackson, the majority of the War of 1812 was spent fighting Indians and not the British.
Here's a pic of one of the tracks I was on yesterday. Just before I
took this picture, several pheasants spooked right in front of me. I'm
not sure who was more scared. When the heart rate settled, I saw the
light was perfect for a good pic;
Here's a beautiful Hampshire sunset on that green lane I mentioned
yesterday. (Yes, I know my low fuel light is on, I got back to
civilisation and a petrol station soon thereafter)
By Spring of 1835 trouble between the Florida indigenous population
was brewing up again. The U.S. government was trying to force the
Seminoles to leave Florida for the Indian Territory of present day
Oklahoma. The enticement to move was flimsy (a blanket per man and a
pittance paid to the tribe), so the Seminoles ignored the Treaty of
Payne's Landing which spelled out the conditions of removal. The
Seminoles found their voice in a firebrand, Osceola, who had fought
with the Creeks against Andrew Jackson. What followed was the Second
Seminole / Florida War.
Once again, England is brought low by snow (or a few inches of rain, or wind, or leaves on the line, geesh)
Here in North Hampshire, we received the better part of an inch. I
wonder how places that get snow more frequently deal with these
problems? Judicious use of salt? England can't even buy that stuff without creating a market shamble of it.